July 1, 2022

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More Flows

Originally published August 9, 2012 LPOD-Aug9-12.jpg
Apollo 15-M-2621 image from ASU Apollo Image Archive

LPOD-Aug9b-12.jpg
Very few lava flow fronts are known on the Moon; the most famous are those that flowed towards the center of Imbrium from near Mt. La Hire. But this 41 year old Apollo 15 Metric Camera image suggests that many other flows would be detected if we had high resolution, nearly grazing illumination for all maria. This area is about 85 km NE of Seleucus at 23.0°N, 64.5°W, and the scale is indicated by the 7 km long unnamed hill at center left. Different lava flows are indicated by elevated edges - as where a flow height of 10 m is marked, where fewer subsequent impact craters indicate a younger surface (as at 1), and where the surface has a different texture than nearby areas - at 1 and 2. An unknown number of flows are probably here but only the youngest - 1 and 2 - are easy to pick out. Interestingly, flow 2 crosses at nearly right angles a number of older, narrower flows - 3. QuickMap altimetry measurements show that the narrow flows slope downward from left to right about 40 m in 20 km. There is no consistent slope in the direction of flows 1 and 2. As is often the case when looking at closeup views of lava flows on Earth or the Moon I remember the conclusion of a volcanologist who studied a multi-year eruption at Mauna Ulu in Hawaii. He said that no one could correctly deduce the exact sequence of events unless they watched it, for emplacement of a lava flow field was unbelievably complex with many small differences in topography redirecting flows.


Chuck Wood

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Yesterday's LPOD: What You Can Do From Earth

Tomorrow's LPOD: Brown Flows, Dark Ash



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