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Chuck

Calendar of Lunar Events

Compiled from various sources including Jonathon McDowell's Man Made Objects on the Moon. Note that the Encounter date is when a spacecraft reached the Moon, not when it was launched or crashed. Also, there are differences in landing lat/long among different sources. Please send me corrections and additions for this lunar day book. Thanks, Chuck

Mission/Person

Country Encounter month/day

Year

End Lunar Mission

Mission Type/Event Achievement Lat Long Landing Area  
Luna 01 USSR 01-04

1959

 

Flyby First flyby        
Luna 21 USSR 01-08

1973

 

Lander and Rover Lunakhod 2 N26.5 E30.6 Le Monnier  
Surveyor 7 USA 01-10

1968

 

Soft Lander 1st landing in highlands S40.9 W11.4 Tycho N rim  
Lunar Prospector USA 01-11

1998

07-31

Orbiter Composition, magnetism, gravity mapping     South Pole  
Korolev USSR 01-12

1907

1966

Birthday Russian von Braun        
Hevelius, Johannes Holland 01-28

1611

1687

Birthday 1647 Selenographia, 1st accurate map        
Ranger 3 USA 01-28

1962

 

Hard Lander Missed Moon        
Ranger 6 USA 02-02

1964

 

Hard Lander 1st US contact, cameras failed N9.4 E21.5 Mare Tranquillitatis  
Luna 09 USSR 02-03

1966

 

Soft Lander 1st landing & surface photos N07.08 W64.4 Oceanus Proc, Planitia Descensus  
Apollo 14-Antares USA 02-05

1971

 

Manned Lander 1st human landing in highlands S03.65 W19.3 Fra Mauro  
Galilei, Galileo Italy 02-15

1564

1642

Birthday 1st profound observer        
Lunar Orbiter 3 USA 02-08

1967

02-23

Orbiter Orbital photography        
Clementine USA 02-19

1994

05-05

Orbiter Topo & geochem mapping        
Ranger 8 USA 02-20

1965

 

Hard Lander Pre-impact photography N02.67 E024.65 Mare Tranquillitatis  
Luna 20 USSR 02-21

1972

 

Lander Sample return N03.5 E56.6 Apollonius C  
Pioneer 4 USA 03-03

1959

 

Lunar Distant Flyby Too far from Moon for sensors to work - 1st US spacecraft to escape Earth's gravity        
Hiten/Muses A Japan 03-18

1990

04-10-1993

Flyby, Orbiter, Impact Impact, orbiter failed S34.0 E55.3 S of Stevinus  
Proctor, Richard Anthony England 03-23

1837

1888

Birthday 1st -1873-craters impact        
von Braun, Werner Germany, USA 03-23

1912

1977

Birthday Made Apollo possible        
Ranger 9 USA 03-24

1965

 

Hard Lander Last pre-impact photography S12.83 W02.4 Alphonsus  
Grimaldi, P. Francisco Italy 04-02

1618

1663

Birthday 1651 accurate map in Riccioli's book        
Luna 10 USSR 04-03

1966

05-30

Orbiter 1st orbital data, gamma ray        
Luna 04 USSR 04-05

1963

 

Probe Missed Moon        
Luna 14 USSR 04-07

1968

 

Orbiter Gravity, radiation & engineering studies        
Apollo 13 USA 04-14

1970

 

Manned Lander 1st aborted human landing        
Riccioli, Giovanni Italy 04-17

1598

1671

Birthday 3rd nomenclature system, but stuck        
Hawkins, Gerald S. UK 04-20

1928

2003

Birthday Stonehenge lunar observatory        
Surveyor 3 USA 04-20

1967

05-04

Soft Lander Landing S03.2 W23.4 Mare Insularum  
Apollo 16-Orion USA 04-21

1972

 

Manned Lander Human landing, human rover S08.97 E15.50 Descartes Plain  
Ranger 4 USA 04-26

1962

 

Hard Lander 1st US lunar impact,cameras failed S15.5 W130.7 Joffe crater  
Luna 05 USSR 05-09

1965

 

Lunar Soft Lander Crash landing S02 W25 Mare Insularum  
Lunar Orbiter 4 USA 05-08

1967

05-26

Orbiter Orbital photography        
Apollo 10 USA 05-21

1969

 

Manned Orbiter 2nd human orbiter        
Barringer, Daniel Moreau USA 05-25

1860

1929

Birthday 1905 theory meteor impact        
Kennedy, John USA 05-25

1961

 

Speech Moon goal speech        
Madler, Johann H. Germany 05-29

1794

1874

Birthday 1st quad map        
Surveyor 1 USA 06-02

1966

 

Soft Lander 1st US landing S02.45 W43.23 Flamsteed P  
Luna 22 USSR 06-02

1974

 

Orbiter Imaging, gamma rays, magnetism        
Moon Impact? England 06-18

1178

 

impact? Cantebury Chronicle; G. Bruno formed?        
Luna 06 USSR 06-xx

1965

 

Soft Lander Missed Moon        
Luna 15 USSR 07-13

1969

 

Lander Crash landing        
Surveyor 4 USA 07-17

1967

 

Soft Lander Crash landing N00.4 W01.3 Sinus Medii  
Hooke, Robert England 07-18

1635

1703

Birthday 1st drawing single crater        
Explorer 35 USA 07-19

1967

 

Orbiter Orbital magnetics        
Zond 03 USSR 07-20

1965

 

Flyby 1st photography - farside        
Apollo 11-Eagle USA 07-20

1969

 

Manned Lander 1st human landing N00.67 E023.47 Mare Tranquillitatis  
Apollo 15-Falcon USA 07-30

1971

 

Manned Lander, 1st car Human landing, human rover N 26.13 E03.63 Hadley Rille  
Ranger 7 USA 07-31

1964

 

Hard Lander 1st pre-impact photography S10.7 W20.7 Mare Cognitum  
Lunar Orbiter 5 USA 08-06

1967

08-18

Orbiter Orbital photography S028 W83.0 Cordillera Mts  
Luna 24 USSR 08-09

1976

 

Lander Last robotic sample return N12.7 E62.2 SE Mare Crisium  
Zond 07 USSR 08-11

1969

 

Flyby/Earth return Flyby, returned film        
Pioneer 0 USA 08-17

1958

 

Orbiter Launch failure        
Lunar Orbiter 1 USA 08-14

1966

08-29

Orbiter 1st orbital photography N06.7 E162 Mandelshtam  
Luna 11 USSR 08-28

1966

10-01

Orbiter Orbital photography        
Luna 18 USSR 09-0

1971

 

Lunar Lander Crash landing N03.6 E56.5 Apollonius C  
Luna 19 USSR 09-02

1971

 

Orbiter Orbital        
Surveyor 5 USA 09-11

1967

 

Soft Lander Landing, 1st chemical analysis N01.41 E023.18 Mare Tranquillitatis  
Luna 02 USSR 09-13

1959

 

Hard Lander 1st impact N29.10 E00.0 Palus Putredinis, Sinus Lunicus  
Zond 05 USSR 09-18

1968

 

Flyby/Earth return Biological payload       .
Luna 16 USSR 09-20

1970

 

Lander 1st robotic sample return S00.66 E56.3    
Surveyor 2 USA 09-23

1966

 

Soft Lander Crash landing N05.5 W12 Mare Insularum  
Smart-1 ESA 09-27

2003

 

Orbiter -Launch 1st European lunar mission        
Luna 07 USSR 10-07

1965

 

Soft Lander, crashed Crash landing N04 W40 Oceanus Proc  
Luna 03 USSR 10-07

1959

 

Lunar Farside Flyby First farside image        
Lunar Orbiter 2 USA 10-10

1966

 

Orbiter Orbital Photography S04 E98 Hirayama  
Ranger 5 USA 10-18

1962

 

Hard lander Missed Moon        
Zond 08 USSR 10-24

1970

 

Flyby/Earth return Flyby, returned film        
Luna 12 USSR 10-25

1966

01-19-1967

Orbiter Orbital photography        
Luna 23 USSR 10-28

1974

 

Lander Crash landing, failed sample return N13.5 E56.5 SW Mare Crisium  
Surveyor 6 USA 11-10

1967

 

Soft Lander 1st take off/jump N00.46 W01.4 Sinus Medii  
Luna 17 USSR 11-10

1970

 

Lander and Rover Lunakhod 1 - 1st rover N38.3 W35 W Mare Imbrium  
Zond 06 USSR 11-14

1968

 

Flyby/Earth return 1st returned film        
Apollo 12-Intrepid USA 11-19

1969

 

Manned Lander Human landing S03.2 W23.42 Mare Insularum  
Luna 08 USSR 12-06

1965

 

Lunar Soft Lander Crash landing N09.1 W63.3 Oceanus PROC  
Pioneer 3 USA 12-06

1958

 

Lunar Flyby Launch falure        
Kuiper, Gerard P USA 12-07

1905

1973

Birthday Atlas compiler        
Galileo - 2 USA & Europe 12-07

1992

 

Jupiter Orbiter-Moon Flyby Geochem mapping - 2nd flyby        
Galileo - 1 USA & Europe 12-08

1990

 

Jupiter Orbiter-Moon Flyby Geochem mapping        
Apollo 17-Challenger USA 12-11

1972

 

Manned Lander Last human landing, human rover N20.19 E30.77 Taurus-Littrow  
Brahe, Tycho Denmark 12-14

1546

1601

Birthday Lunar theory, eclipses        
Luna 13 USSR 12-24

1966

 

Soft Lander Landing N18.87 W62.0 Oceanus Proc  
Apollo 08 USA 12-24

1968

 

Manned Orbiter 1st human orbit       .
Kepler, Johann Germany 12-27

1571

1630

Birthday 1st? sci fi story about Moon        
Schroeter, Johann H. Germany  

1745

1816

Birthday Dedicated lunar observer        
Lohrmann, Wilhelm G. Germany  

1796

1840

Birthday 1st multi-sheet map        
Schmidt, J.F. Julius Germany/Greece  

1825

1884

Birthday Apex of visual mapping        
Elger, Thomas Gwyn England  

1838

1897

Birthday Lunar charts, head BAA Lunar Section        
Gilbert, Grove Karl USA  

1843

1918

Birthday USGS, recognized Imrium sculpture, impacts        
Goodacre, Walter England  

1856

1938

Birthday Lunar charts, head BAA Lunar Section        
Fauth, Phillip Germany  

1867

1941

Birthday Lunar charts        
Spurr, Josiah USA  

1870

1950

Birthday Argued dullingly for volcanic origins craters        
Urey, Harold USA  

1893

1981

Birthday Convinced US to go to Moon        
Wilkins, Hugh P. England  

1896

1960

Birthday Lunar charts, head BAA Lunar Section        
Baldwin, Ralph B. USA  

1912

 

Birthday Proved impact origin craters        
Whitaker, Ewen A. England, USA  

1922

 

Birthday Map historian        
Moore, Patrick England  

1923

 

Birthday Astronomy popularizer        
Shoemaker, Eugene USA  

1928

1997

Birthday Impact mechanics, rays; buried on Moon        
Wilhelms, Don E. USA  

1930

 

Birthday Pre-eminent USGS Moon mapper        
Rukl, Antonin Czech  

1932

 

Birthday Pre-eminent lunar cartographer        
Hartmann, William K. USA  

1939

 

Birthday Discovered many lunar basins & big splash theory origin        
Head, James W. USA  

1941

 

Birthday Major lunar research in 1970s-80s        
Hawke, B. Ray USA  

1946

 

Birthday Expert remote sensing of Moon        
Spudis, Paul USA  

1952

 

Birthday Clementine leader, basin mapper        
Selene Japan  

2005

 

Lunar Orbiter and Lander Mineral, element, topo, gravity mapping        
Lunar A Japan  

2005

 

Orbiter and Penetrators Imaging, thermal, seismicity