October 25, 2020
Out On a Limb
Originally published April 20, 2011
image by Bart Declercq, Zottegem, Belgium
This is a classic LPOD from Feb 25, 2008 - see update below
Floor-fractured craters (FFC) occur in ones and twos around the edges of most maria - Posidonius, Sabine/Ritter, Taruntius, Gassendi, Pitatus, etc. But in a few places they are in larger groups. One such area, hard on the eastern limb, is within Mare Smythii. In Bart's excellent image we see all the way across the mare in which 6-8 large craters are floor-fractured. Only Haldane and Kiess are labeled, but most of the other named features have concentric fractures on their floors, and many have erupted pyroclastic ashes. Another place with a concentration of FFC is on the opposite limb of Moon, in the Lavoisier-Gerard region. What these two areas have in common is shallow thicknesses of mare lavas, but there must be more than that for concentric fractures and ash do not occur at most of the craters around mare edges. We have reasonable models to explain how FFC formed, but what we don't know is why they formed where they did.
See image. Enhancement and nomenclature by CAW.
Rükl plates 38, 49, III & IV
A lower Sun view
A slightly higher Sun view
Bart's lunar website
Apollo 15 view
Maurice Collins emailed that there was a good libration for Mare Smythii on April 19 but it was on the wrong side of the terminator. Bart's image (above) shows what was missed, and Maurice used LTVT and the LRO altimetry data to depict the exact libration for last night (below).
Yesterday's LPOD: Green is Mantle, not Cheese
Tomorrow's LPOD: Blank Slate